Your bike’s components all need constant check ups and to be in top condition. One of the important parts that keeps propelling your bike forward is the chain. This chain needs to be cleaned, tightened, loosened or even replaced when time comes. To keep these procedures in flow, you need to check if your bike’s chain is too tight or too loose and what to do in such cases.
How tight should your bike chain be?
From the above discussion, it is clear that your bike chain being either too tight or too loose are both bad for your bike components. Always remember to test the chain’s condition by moving it in both directions.
If the chain moves smoothly both ways by at least ½ inch, then it is tightened just right. Too much movement means it’s too slack and little to no movement means it’s too strained. 0.5 inch is the magic number to remember if you’re trying to find the right tension for your bike chain.
This rule applies to all bikes. You may ride a mountain bike and have wondered, “how tight should a mountain bike chain be?” Well no matter what kind of bike you own, a mountain bike, a mini bike or a street bike, their chains are all checked the same way and should all be tightened or loosened in the same way.
How to check if your bike’s chain is too loose?
A bike chain that is too loose can cause a number of issues. Check if your chain is too long or not, get on eye level with the chain and look at it from the side. If the chain is dipping too close to the chainstays, this means the chain is too loose.
If your bike’s drivetrain has a derailleur system, you’ll notice it is shifting poorly due to a loose chain.
What happens if your bike’s chain is too loose?
You’ll face many different issues if you’re driving around a bike with a saggy chain.
Some common problems caused by slack chains are:
- Poor shifting
- Chain skipping or chain dropping
- Poor shifting of the drivetrain
- The drivetrain wearing out faster which will lead to your bike needing an early chainring or cassette replacement
- Pedaling becomes harder if the chain drops off.
How to tighten a loose bike chain?
If you notice your bike chain is loose, grab some tools and set to work to tighten it before that saggy chain causes you any more troubles.
Here are the tools you’ll need to tighten your bike chain:
i) A surface to make your bike stand upside down such as a bike stand.
ii) Socket wrench
iii) Bike grease or lubricant
iv) A piece of cloth or rag
Follow these steps to tighten the chain:
Step 1: Position Your Bike
Making sure you’re not scratching the saddle, flip your bike upside down so the wheels are upward and the saddle on the stand. Fix the bike in this position using a bike stand makeshift platform. (You can use cardboards and rest the saddle on it.
Step 2: Slacken The Rear Axle
Use a wrench socket to loosen the nuts that connect the tire to the bike. Turn the wrench anti-clockwise until they become loose.
Step 3: Adjust Tension in The Chain
Slowly pull on the rear tire until you have the desired tightness. The tire should be centered in the wishbone so later it can be tightened easily. When you can move the chain at least half an inch in both directions, the desired tension should be reached. If the chain is too tight, you won’t be able to pedal properly.
Once you’re done adjusting the tension, put the rear wheel back in place and use the wrench to tighten the nuts back. If the tire is properly in place, it won’t touch the chain or bike frame.
Step 4: Check The Tire and Chain
To check if the chain is rightly tightened, move it a little both ways. It should easily shift in both directions by half an inch. Check the tire by spinning it. If it spins properly without making contact with the frame or the chain, you’re done tightening your chain!
How to Check if Your Bike’s Chain is too Tight?
Testing if the chain is too tight can be done the same way you checked if it was loose- by moving it both ways. If the chain moves 0.5 inch in each direction, you’ll know it’s tightened just right. If it moves too much, it’s too loose. If the chain doesn’t move at all, it’s tightened and may be close to breaking point. You’ll need to slacken it up as soon as you can!
What Happens if Your Bike Chain is Too Tight?
A too tight chain can snap or break while riding and also make pedaling difficult for you. This will cause the chainring sprockets to get damaged due to abrasion and you’ll need to replace your chainring and cassette.
How to Maintain a Bike Chain Regularly?
Your bike parts need your full attention. You’ll need to change the rings, sprockets, cassettes to make sure they all keep running smoothly. Clean your chain regularly with good quality grease and make sure it’s always taking on the right amount of pressure. Check on the gear teeth and chainrings to make sure they’re all working together in harmony. If you’re keeping all your bike parts happy, you can keep using them for a long time.